NIX aims to streamline patient care in all areas of the Emergency Department (ED), through early initiation of investigations by nursing staff. NIX has been shown to improve the time to meaningful treatment, reduce the proportion of patients who do not wait for treatment, decrease the Emergency Length Of Stay (ELOS) and improve patient and staff satisfaction, with most benefits for ambulatory patients.
Nurse Initiated X-Ray (NIX)
To upskill nursing staff in the ED to initiate specific x-ray investigations.
- Improved patient flow.
- Improved time to meaningful treatment.
- Improved staff and patient satisfaction.
The NIX Initiative Leads are Sarah Brokenshire, Nurse Practitioner, Emergency Department, & Carly Bland, Nurse Educator, Emergency Department, Logan Hospital. Metro South HHS.
Presentations to EDs continue to rise across Queensland and Australia, placing an increasing pressure on EDs to assess, diagnose and treat patients in less time. The increasing pressures on staff and resources require the multidisciplinary health care team to work together to provide high quality, safe care within a reasonable time frame. With appropriate governance, engagement from stakeholders, education and completion of competencies, nurses can act autonomously within their scope of practice to initiate investigations, thereby streamlining the care of emergency patients.
NIX was introduced as part of a package of nurse-initiated protocols (along with pathology and medication ordering). It included:
- Development of work instructions and learning packages for senior nursing
- Online and face-to-face training
- Clinical skills assessment to determine competency
- Auditing and feedback to ensure compliance with the work instruction.
Implementation of the three nurse-initiated protocols at the pilot site, demonstrated the following for patients triaged to the waiting room awaiting an acute bed:
- Reduction in average time to meaningful treatment from 61 minutes to 38 minutes post-implementation.
- Reduction in ELOS of 142 minutes
- Reduction in proportion of patients who did not wait for treatment from 4.5% to 2.5%
Cultural beliefs around nurse-initiated protocols is a potential barrier to implementing change. This can be overcome through appropriate stakeholder engagement, effective communication and well designed and implemented education packages.